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Barnes GM, Welte JW, Hoffman JH, Dintcheff BA. Family conflict interactions between parents and gamblijg and among children. Google Scholar Abbott, M. Still others use gambling as a form of socialization or an escape from boredom. Grant J, Chamberlain S. PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar Hardoon, K.Italics: Factors specific to gambling Bold: Shared factors. Figure 2. Modied Jessor’s Adolescent Risk Behavior Model with youth gambling risk factors (Dickson, Derevensky and Gupta, ). Risk and Protective Factors for At- Risk and Probable Pathological Gamblers. Identifying protective and risk factors in youth may guide the prevention and intervention strategies to pursue with them. Protective and risk factors may also influence the course mental health disorders might take if present. Youth Gambling Risk factors Protective factors Mental Health. Identification of Risk and Protective Factors.